To create the bouncing ball motion in After Effects I first needed to create a circle shape using the Ellipse tool and having the fill be set to one solid colour.
I also had to create a surface for the ball to bounce on so I created a simple rectangle using the rectangle shape tool.
From their the bouncing ball had to be moved around a lot using the position tool to make the arcing movement.
However, all bouncing ball animations will have the ball display squash and stretch upon impact with the surface meaning I had to change the scale of the ball so that it became a squashed circle upon hitting the floor and then stretching out as it leaves the impact with the floor.
As the ball bounced more I made the amount of height the ball got in the arc less until it rolled, much like the references I found of bouncing balls showed.